The Journal of American Podiatric Medicine May 1999, Sobel E, Levity S T, Caselli MA Division of Orthopaedic Sciences, New York College of Podiatric Medicine. Vol. 94 Number 6542-549 2004 Journal of American Podiatric Medicine" The Conservative Management of Plantar Fasciitis" – Pfeffer GB, University of California, San Francisco, CA. In order to take the best treatment route you need to find out the actual cause of the problem. Only by treating the cause will you prevent the problem recurring, which is why you need to seek medical advice and to get an accurate diagnosis. The problem in our society today is that we changed too long and give our feet again to supinate not enough opportunities. The feet flattens itself and the ankle rolls inward and remains in this position for too long a time. As a result, our natural way of walking is disturbed. Excessive pronation is very common. Other causes are also weak muscles, age and hard flat surfaces such as paving slabs and floors where we go every day and stand. Because the toes spread out more widely with each step when the arches are lost, it's also common for fallen arches to lead to painful red corns on the toes. Aches and pains are a common part of the aging process and it is not uncommon for the feet to be a significant pain issue among the elderly. If you have a parent who has been diagnosed with tendinitis of the Achilles in the foot, be sure to consider these natural solutions as an alternative to traditional medicine your doctor may recommend. This device is actually a small half-cut of bamboo, about a foot in length. The natural hardness and curve of the bamboo is ideally shaped to provide a perfect counter-resistance to the arch of the feet, simply by stepping gently on it. The type of treatment recommended for flat feet will depend on the condition’s specific cause as well as your level of discomfort. Mild cases can usually be treated effectively with physical therapy and orthotics like arch supports and special shoes. In more severe cases where the feet have become rigid, flat foot surgery may be indicated to repair the tendons. The posterior tibial tendon serves as one of the major supporting structures of the foot, helping it to function while walking. Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) is a condition caused by changes in the tendon, impairing its ability to support the arch. This results in flattening of the foot. It is extremely common in infants and toddlers and is a resultant of the loose tendons that hold the foot joint firmly in place. As the children get older (around 2 to 3 years old) , they develop arches. However, in some cases the arches is never formed and such individuals continue to suffer the discomfort of having flat feet for the rest of their lives. Anatomy Of Flat Feet Shoes with raised insoles – There are various shoes that have raised insoles that build an artificial foot rest. Higher insoles provide support to the middle-foot which proves to be beneficial for flat feet. Find out more Orthotics and motion control running shoes are one way to stay injury-free while running with fallen arches, but Puleo and Milroy note that strength training also can help. They maintain that weight training to strengthen your calf, quadriceps, hamstring, and gluteus muscles will help take stress caused by overpronation off of your knees, and let these muscles help in the stabilization process. Magnetic insoles are credited with relief from foot pain in many parts of the world. Whether or not the magnets really have pain relief effects, the soaring sales cannot be overlooked at all. If runners or athletes don't wear shoes that provide proper arch support, they are definitely at a risk of developing this painful foot condition. They must, therefore, make it a point to buy shoes that are designed to prevent over-stretching of this ligament. Here's some information on the brands that offer the best running shoes for plantar fasciitis. The next time you go shopping for a pair of running shoes, make sure that you buy shoes that not only fit you perfectly, but are also best-suited to the gait and structure of your feet. Wearing proper footwear is a good way to prevent this painful foot condition from surfacing. Fallen arches, commonly known as pes planus, is when the arch of the foot contacts the ground as a person stands. THE major muscle responsible for holding up the arch is the posterior tibialis muscle and it receives "instructions" to hold up the arch from the brain via the spinal cord, fifth lumbar nerve root (low back), the sciatic nerve, and finally through the tarsal tunnel as the tibial n. Ergo, any misalignment in the low back can "pinch" the nerve supply and cause the muscle to fail. Flat feet of a child are usually expected to develop into high or proper arches, as shown by feet of the mother. Wearing orthopedic footwear can alleviate the suffering experienced by people with existing foot condition. In some cases, the use of these distinctively designed shoes can actually give a nonsurgical option that can be tested before proceeding to a more invasive and costly intervention. Some people who have no history of foot-related problems even use such shoes to ensure comfort and avoid any unwanted foot condition. It is important to understand that both pronation and supination are part of a normal, healthy walking pattern! Pronation (rolling inward) acts as a shock absorbing process and supination (rolling outward) helps to propel our feet forward.